Behind The Walled Garden Of Apartheid
Increasingly, estates offer compact urban environments to their residents whose interaction with the chaos of life on the other side of the wall is decreased. Residents have a choice of a golf estate overlooking lakes, equestrian estates with private stables or eco-estates that incorporate mini nature reserves and live game.
Life in Apartheid-Era South Africa
At the very least estates offer internal parks and playgrounds. As state institutions flounder, estate living has gone on to offer attached private schools and clinics. The most brazenly ambitious development so far has been Steyn City , a self-contained community named for its developer billionaire businessman Douw Steyn. The majority of Palestinians are refugees that were forced out of the land that became Israel in Today they number of 6 million people and still live in refugee camps in places like Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan.
A second group are the Palestinians who managed to stay inside Israel during the war and became Israeli citizens. This territory is defined by what is known as the green line. This is land that Israel occupied in the war, and still controls to this day. Palestinians in these areas do not have Israeli citizenship, nor do they have a state of their own.
You have the Palestinians who are cut off into dozens of ghettos, literally surrounded by walls and physical barriers, with little access to work, to education. Even the basic means of survival; food and water is often difficult to come by. And then super-imposed on that you have the settlers, who live in what look like American-style suburbs, very spacious, very luxurious homes with swimming pools, with access to water.
Immediately after the occupation, Israel began building Jewish-only settlements in the occupied territories and started moving its population to these settlements, a practice that is illegal under international law. There are approximately Jewish-only settlements scattered throughout the West Bank. Each of those settlements, every single one of them, is only allocated to Jewish Israelis. Sarit Michaeli - B'tselem, Israeli Human Rights Group What we see in the last 40 years is vast Israeli government efforts and vast amounts of public money spent and poured into allocating land in the territories, building settlements on it, and encouraging Israelis to move out of Israel and into these settlements.
On Palestinian land. They stole it. There was a decision taken by Israel in and part of that political agenda was to build and establish on the hills surrounding Jerusalem, new Jewish neighborhoods in a way that would make it very difficult to, again, divide the city into two parts. They were built out of a proactive claim to the country. The words mislead.
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These are cities of 40, 50, 60, 70, people. Every settlement has its rationale. Ariel, located in the heart of the West Bank, 25 kilometers to the east of the green line. They are enjoying the water. They are irrigating their gardens, washing their cars and playing with their dogs with water, and here we are suffering a shortage of water. They cut off water in summer, meaning that we will be without water for three or four months of the year, so we try to compensate for that by collecting the rain in the cisterns and the wells, which is not healthy.
But we are forced to use this water, which causes many diseases for the children and for the inhabitants in the village. And my daughter was one case of that; she got a very bad infection because of the water, and she got kidney failure. Apartheid was the attempt to separate people and allow resources and privilege and rights to flow to people on the basis of the separate groups in which they were categorized.
In South Africa, our life was guns, walls and anger - The Globe and Mail
This is Hebron Heights. It's great here. We've got King David's palace, fresh air, olive trees, fruit trees. From my two windows you can see that side of town, the rest of Hebron. My neighbor calls it "Motivational Windows. Until we return there Is it Jewish or Arab? This house here is still Arab. Another one here used to be Arab, but today it houses Jews. It will become more and more Jewish.
In the middle of Hebron, in Palestinian homes, often vacated under severe pressure, live Jewish settlers cordoned off and protected by thousands of soldiers. Although neighbors, these two populations live under two separate and unequal sets of laws. Jewish settlers in the West Bank live under Israeli civil law, while Palestinians live under Israeli military law.
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Get in the house. I'm not closing the door! Sit here, inside your cage. You are a whore and your daughters are too. Don't you dare open this door! Don't you dare come here! I will leave my house as I please! Soldier, do you see what she is doing? The settler population in the West Bank is roughly , The Palestinian population in that same area is 2. So we have a classic situation of really an ethnic minority claiming the entire country, a large territory, and then, now, what do you do with the natives? What do you do with the non-whoever you are?
In this case, the non-Jews. In South Africa, the architecture was amazing. First, you give people an identity. Then, of course, you give people pass laws, so you define how they can move freely, and you construct blockages for the movement of people. Control was exerted through a complicated pass system that determined when and where an African could move. These passes became one of the most detested symbols of apartheid. Na'eem Jeenah - South African author, journalist The issue of the pass was much more than a question of identity or an identity document.
It's not possible. Only residents of Beit Hanina are allowed. You live in Shufat. I live in Beit Hanina. Why does it say Shufat? I once lived in Shufat. Tomorrow, bring real estate tax papers. Bring real estate papers that say Beit Hanina. You are over age From tomorrow on, you don't pass through here. Only through Atarot. Today in occupied Palestine, Palestinians must carry IDs at all times that essentially dictate where they can live work and move.
A complex system of movement restrictions requires special permits to enter certain areas. There are over manned checkpoints and physical roadblocks in the West Bank that restrict the freedom of movement of Palestinians. Only 36 of these separate Israel and the West Bank. The rest separate Palestinian towns from other Palestinian towns. Abuse, beatings, humiliation at the checkpoints is a routine part of the experience. What was I thinking at the checkpoint as my child was dying? I knew my child was dying. I wanted to scream at the soldiers but I was scared they would keep us longer, or detain my husband.
I was very afraid of them. I called him after, maybe, five minutes. Please come and see him. Don't call us. And we are not going through the Wall. We don't have any weapons. We don't have any arms. We don't have anything. We are only four with the child. We reached the hospital. The doctor said to us: "We can do nothing for him. Can I yell at soldiers? Can I beat them up?
And what I experienced there was such a crude reminder of a painful past in Apartheid South Africa. We were largely controlled in the same way. The continuous checking at the roadblocks, and to see these young men and young women standing at the roadblock, having to perform the duties of a military junta.
These parallels with Israel pained me severely while I was traveling through that lovely country.
The settlements are linked by modern super highways, which are Jewish-only roads. Palestinians are not allowed to use them, and these super highways crisscross across Palestinian land, linking the settlements together, and linking them with Israeli cities inside the borders. Settlers are issued yellow license plates so that the military can distinguish them from Palestinian drivers. This is route between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem.
It's good if you want to get away from Route One, ease up traffic a bit. It's also convenient, no curves or anything. It's convenient. Because it has no It's mostly straight, and it also shortens the trip by seven kilometres. If you notice, all the exits past the checkpoint are closed. All the exits are closed. They have an alternative road. There are some alternative roads instead of this one. What's that sound? Is that the road or your car? It's something underneath the car.
Maybe the rear axle on the right side. Our cars are getting really bad because of the roads. Jamal Juma - Campaign To Stop The Wall The other part of this system is the Palestinian roads, which is linking the Palestinian villages and cities together, but with tunnels and bridges under the main network of roads that they are creating for themselves. And these bridges and tunnels have gates, and the gates have locks, and the keys are in the hands of the soldiers. Sothat if they want to impose a curfew all over the West Bank, they can do it in two hours.
Shufa village The settlers came to Shufa in They banned Palestinians from driving in and around the town. The Jewish-only roads serving the settlement of Avne Hefez, are but one of the many examples of the segregated road system in the West Bank. Because of the settlement, Israel declared the roads between the Palestinian towns of Shufa and Izbat Shufa a sterile road for Jews only, erecting dirt roadblocks at every exit of the town. Recently, Israel allowed Palestinian pedestrian but not vehicular traffic on the road. Due to these conditions, one out of every four families has left Shufa.
They have banned us from using the roads to go directly to Tulkarem. It's only 7km away by the normal route, but we have to take a 30km detour. Naeem Saleh - Shufa Resident The population of Shufa is 2,, while the population of the settlement is We are discriminated against and are not allowed to move freely.
Behind The Walled Garden of Apartheid
But the settlers can come and go as they please. They stay in the settlement for the weekend, and spend the rest of their time in Tel Aviv and other Israeli cities. We are suffering for their pleasure, just so they can spend a day or two here. A deeply religious people, the white Afrikaners of South Africa believed they had a god-given right to a land that they considered mostly uninhabited. In what is known as the great trek, what Afrikaners consider their equivalent of the Exodus, thousands trekked into the wilderness in search of the Promised Land.
The Afrikaners pushed into land the Africans considered theirs, and many battles ensued. This image of the heroic settlers in their laager fending off the savage masses became the dominant mythology in Afrikaner history, morphing into the philosophy of Apartheid in Under apartheid law, the one standard against which everything was judged was the security of the state, and the state meant the Afrikaner people. With every law enacted, the freedoms of the majority were whittled away in order to protect the privileges of a white minority.
In Pretoria today stands a monument to the Great Trek, a shrine to this history and philosophy. A physical representation of a state of mind that sees enemies everywhere and will do anything to protect against them. Eddie Makue - South African Council of Churches What I experienced there was made even more painful by the existence of the wall of separation, what we from South Africa prefer to call the Apartheid wall.
In , under the guise of a temporary security measure, Israel began construction of the separation barrier to completely seal off the West Bank from Israel. In urban areas it is a concrete wall eight meters tall. To many however, the wall is not about security. Instead, the wall twists and turns deep into the West Bank, making it more than twice as long as the green line itself.
It separates Palestinian villages from neighboring Palestinian villages, farmers from their land and income, parents from children, and severely restricts Palestinian freedom of movement. Listen as First Minister Nicola Sturgeon gives her take on Brexit and the new emerging political landscape in Scotland, the United Kingdom, and beyond.
Watch as Razia Iqbal talks to Lindsey Hilsum about her book In Extremis about the extraordinary life and death of war correspondent Marie Colvin, and a career capturing the stories of life on the front lines. Followed by a drinks reception celebrating the 10th anniversary of the Beyond Borders International Festival. Join us as we draw the weekend to a close with a drinks reception accompanied by the musical stylings of Rise Kagona in celebration of the 10th Anniversary of the Beyond Borders International Festival!
Rosemary Goring has a history degree from the University of St Andrews. Since then, she has worked in publishing and newspapers and is currently a reviewer with The Herald. Drawing on court and kirk records, diaries, newspapers and reports, the book brings to life a crucial historical perspective which is all too often hidden or ignored. She is currently the 21st Lady of Traquair. She lives at Traquair House where she was born and brought up.
Over the past 20 years she has been actively involved in tourism, the arts, heritage and business both locally and nationally. Mary Kenny has extensive experience as a traditional storyteller with people of all ages and abilities, and is an established member of the Scottish Storytelling Directory. Originally from the Midlands, the Borders have been her Home for many years. Professor Bettany Hughes is an award-winning historian, author and broadcaster specializing in classical history.
She is the first ever woman to present a history series on television and has produced an impressive list of popular documentaries across a range of topics from the Spartans to Helen of Troy, to the Romans. Allan Little is an award-winning Scottish journalist and presenter who has reported from more than 80 countries including from a variety of war zones, revolutions and natural disasters. After graduating from Edinburgh University, Mr Little joined BBC Scotland as a news and current affairs researcher before moving to London to train as a radio reporter.
Amanda Taub is a former human rights lawyer turned reporter and writer for the New York Times Interpreter.
Ms Taub tackles the pressing issues of t he day, from the effects of online social networks such as Facebook on democracy and terrorism to the MeToo m ovement and Brexit. He is currently the Assistant Dean of Research at the School of Law at Birkbeck, University of London and is recognized as one of the most representative voices of contemporary Latin American philosophy and literature.
Timothy Phillips is a social entrepreneur who has launched several innovative organizations in the non-profit and for-profit sectors that address critical emerging global issues.
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In , he co-founded Beyond Conflict formerly the Project on Justice in Times of Transition , a pioneering and widely respected conflict resolution and reconciliation initiative that has made important contributions to the consolidation of peace and democracy around the world.
In the private sector, he was a founder of Energia Global International Ltd. EGI , which was a leader in the development and operation of privately-owned renewable energy facilities in Central and South America in the early s. He helped launch and currently serves on the Advisory Committee of the Club of Madrid, which was founded in with the support of 30 current and former heads of state and government to promote the consolidation of democracy around the world.
For example, he led winter relief convoys in Sarajevo and the cholera control team in Goma , and was in charge of the advocacy relief UNHCR campaign during the final phase of the Kosovo conflict. He also organized funding for de mining along the border between Lebanon and Israel and worked with Mother Theresa to break the siege of Juba by airlifting aid to s tarving women and children under Operation Rainbow. He is a national of Italy and Sweden and speaks seven languages. She was the BBC Arts correspondent for ten years.
William Dalrymple is a Scottish-born bestselling author and historian. He wrote several books about his travels, particularly around India, and his historical works have also earned him several notable awards. Emmanuel Smith Tali is a The Voice semi-finalist and gospel artist. Emmanuel was born in Ghana, later moving to the UK when he was 13 years old. Emmanuel spreads a message of love and God through his music, whet her it be jazz, gospel, RnB or rap alongside working part time as a motivational speaker.
He has also held professorial chairs at Aberdeen and Strathclyde. An insightful observer of the British political scene, he has produced many television talks on influential political leaders and major political turning points. She graduated from the University of Glasgow in and then began her journalistic career as a graduate trainee with BBC Scotland. He was born in Orkney and studied at Trinity Hall, Cambridge. Linklater is also a former chairman of the Scottish Arts Council and holds honorary degrees from Napier, Aberdeen and Glasgow Universities.
That same year, Mr Naughtie received an honorary doctorate from the University of Sterling and was appointed as its chancellor in Jolyon Mitchell is a professor with specialisation in religion, violence and peacebuilding. Professor Mitchell is particular interested in the role of the arts and he has published a broad range of books and articles within the field. He is currently professor at the University of Edinburgh and is frequently giving lectures at universities around the world, including the University of Tehran, Vrije University in Amsterdam and the University of Sydney.
Fi Martynoga is an environmental activist, journalist, museum researcher and a renowned figure in Scottish nature, sustainability, history and food circles. In he chaired a task force on the implementation of the Armed Forces Covenant for the Prime Minister and has been a member of the Covenant Reference Group since its inception. Stuart Kelly is a Scottish writer and critic. He has contributed to several British newspapers and magazines, including The Spectator and The Guardian, and was the Literary editor of Scotland on Sunday.
In addition, he has produced various documentaries and programmes for BBC, both radio and television. Moin Mir is an accomplished author who has undertaken extensive research on Sufist history and cultural revivalism in India. Moin Mir was born and brought up in India and lives in London.